The End of an Empire
With their backs against the Black Sea, the last of Turkey’s forces put up a fierce resistance throughout the winter. Turkish commanders can see the writing on the wall however, and isolated units begin surrendering to Russian troops in May. The Russian fleet skirts south along the Georgian coast to make sure no Turkish partisans escape into the mountains of Armenia.
Russia destroys the last Turkish army with support from Austrian troops in Constantinople.
On the other side of the Black Sea, the Austrian army in Bulgaria moves north to occupy Rumania. Austere, socialist Bucharest is redecorated with the tapestry of empire and the seal of the House of Hapsburg.
Austria occupies Rumania.
North Africa and the Mediterranean
Italian and French hostilities resume again in the spring, as French forces make a second attempt to seize the port of Algiers by sea. Despite another bloodletting, neither side is able to gain a foothold in the province. French ships retreating from Algiers still manage to repulse an Italian fleet off the coast of Sardinia in early June.
French and Italian troops once again stalemate each other in North Africa. An Italian fleet bounces in the Western Mediterranean.
The stalemate in North Africa has devastating consequences on the rest of the Italian navy’s plans. With Tunisia still supporting an army, ships in the Ionian and Aegean seas are forced to sit idle for months. A disgusted General Barrigus issues the following statement, “The French know nothing of the gastronomic arts. Their food is bland and boring and their wine tastes like vinegar and tears.”
The rest of the Italian fleet is unable to move.
Meanwhile the French fleet mooring off the Spanish coast steams west through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Atlantic.
The Spanish fleet in Spain moves into the Mid Atlantic Ocean.
In early June French troops attempt to force their way through the mountain passes into northwestern Italy. Despite a determined naval bombardment from the Gulf of Lyon, they are repulsed at great cost. Somewhat bizarrely, Austrian high command makes an unsuccessful effort to encourage the attack of one French army upon another. Instead, the French army in Burgundy rails west into Gascony.
France bounces 2:2 in Piedmont, as Austria attempts to support a French move into Marseilles that never materializes.
To the east, a newly-raised Austrian army in Trieste marches northwest into the mountains of Tyrolia.
Austria moves its Trieste Army into Tyrolia.
The Western Front
The stalemate across Germany drags on into Spring, as neither side attempts any assaults. The front lines remain static, save for the movement of French forces in the Ruhr Valley, who abandon their trenches and march southwest into Burgundy.
France moves its Ruhr army to Burgundy, while all other units hold or support in defense.
British forces in the north stay on the offensive, attacking aggressively with the coming of spring. Troops in St. Petersburg retrace their steps west into Norway with support from battlecruisers in the Barents Sea. Support from Sweden is checked by a spoiling attack from Russian divisions in Finland. Nevertheless, the Russian fleet at Oslo is defeated and its ships driven into the Skagerrak.
The British army in St. Petersburg dislodges the Russian fleet in Norway with support from the fleet in the Barents Sea. Further support from Sweden is cut by a Russian attack from Finland.
To the south and west, British ships move to complete the envelopment of the Russian fleet, occupying Denmark and both the Norwegian and North Seas.
British fleets move into Denmark and the North Sea.
A third British fleet moves into the Norwegian Sea.
Seeing the British vacate St. Petersburg, Russian troops rush to re occupy their former capital, taking the city unopposed in late spring.
A Russian army recaptures St. Petersburg.
Turkey is eliminated as the rest of Europe settles down into a bitter stalemate. British and Russian troops fight desperately to maintain control over the North.
Turkey is eliminated
Retreats!: Russian fleet in Norway may retreat to Skagerrak or disband
Spring 1905 orders overview
Fall 1905 disposition, retreat pending